The Russian roulette Game of wastage in Syria

Between 25 and 40% of the Syrian annual GDP is being devoured through economic wastage each year, add to that the ever
more expanding phenomenon of corruption and we are at a staggering 53% of the
country’s total GDP being lost each year!

There are certain powerful sides benefiting
from corruption and that may explain the difficulties Syria has been facing in
fighting it. Wastage, however, is a phenomenon that no one benefits from, and
that is why the consequent governments’ failures in treating it are even more
painful and frustrating.

Against this painful syndrome of wastage and
corruption, all what we did up to this moment was to theorize, nothing more and
nothing less. There was no serious step to stop or to limit such phenomena that
are overwhelming our state and devouring our money. The officials used to say
that they cannot step up their wastage-fighting efforts because of the huge
coasts on the treasury and because of multiple faces and fields of wastage: in time,
in minds, in the human resources, etc.

One side, however, of wastage that we can
measure, calculate and fight is the wastage of water and energy.

 

Waste is devouring the treasury

According to experts and officials, Syria is
one of many states in which the wastage rate is higher than normal standards,
the electricity wastage is ranging between 25 and 30%, and the wastage of water
is raging between 20 and 25%. Officially speaking, the Syrian government
collects about 92 million bills which provide about 460 million SYP. This
amount shows the huge wastage in the treasury. However the solutions are so
simple; all that is needed to stop such wastage is a good economic administration,
right planning of resources’ development and economic activities and, finally,
some responsible and thorough monitoring.

 

It is wastage from A to Z.

The wastage of electricity starts from the
point of electricity generation and ends with the consumers. But the huge
amount of electricity wastage is at the generating end as the specialist
in the affairs of alternative energy
in the State-Planning Commission Mr.
Manhal al-Areedy says: “We have to distinguish between wastage and loss; the loss
starts from the service networks and ends with the consumers, the big loss is
related to the networks, generators, transfer stations and the wires, also,
there is the loss caused by illegal ensnarement of
electricity by the citizens. Syrian citizens are responsible for a large
percentage of electricity wastage through using inefficient energy and
electricity-consuming devices. Such a waste will push us to look for new
sources for energy in the future”. He further explained that the rate of
electricity loss due to technical reasons is higher than the global normal
average which shouldn’t exceed 10 percent while in Syria we expect that the electric loss due to technical
reasons is more than 17 percent.

 

Rehabilitation

“The solutions are divided into two
categories:

1: Solutions by management, 2: Technical
solutions.

As for the first category we should
manage the network with more wisdom and intelligence. As for the technical category we should develop the networks
and use the latest technologies for networks and transfer stations. We need two
kinds of plans, medium and long term plans, to develop and improve the networks,
which means that we will have to spend much more money in the short term.  In the energy conference 2010
in Syria we addressed a serious input that suggested directing the big
investments towards putting an end to the technical loss. Dispersion in directing investments will not lead
us to solve any problem. Another reason that prevents us from stopping the
wastage is lifting subsidies plan, we cannot lift subsidies suddenly and shock
the society, but we should put a logical plan to lift it without causing any
side effects on the society. Energy is the artery of the industrial life, it is
a part of the investments in Syria, and so, the higher energy costs the les competitive
we become.” Mr. al-Areedy concluded.

This is the case about the networks of the
electricity in Syria. No useful solutions, many great solutions are still
covered with dust in the drawers waiting nothing. The water problem is not better;
it suffers problems and obstacles such as the old water networks that spread
under the cities and the villages of Syria. Such an old networks cause a huge
amount of wastage as the experts in water affairs Mr. Rafeek Deeab said, he
assured that the wastage of drinking water is differs from place to place, as
for example the wastage in the country side is more than the wastage in the
city because they are using very old networks to deliver the water, beside that
the Water Establishment doesn’t maintain the networks well periodically, it
used to do the emergency fixing which means that it fixes the problem but it
don’t maintain the network. Mr. Deeab added another reason behind the wastage,
is that we are not controlling or observing the wastage. We need new equipments
to control the wastage of the water. Mr.deeab said: “The wastage is everywhere,
citizens are illegally ensnarement water, especially in the unauthorized bulging
areas, although the government is keep helping the new comers to such areas by
providing them with new water meters, but the unlimited increasing of the numbers
of the residences puts the General Organization for Potable Water is facing a great changes that they can’t fulfill
and serve such unplanned increasing. The problem is that the houses number is
Larger than the absorption capacity
of the organization. The Organization is using more than 40 teams to do the maintenance,
all those teams are potentially weak.

 

Useless investments:

The subsidies of electricity is the main
reason behind the big wastage of it, and it is behind the wastage of water too,
Mr. Deeab said” The services of delivering water to people is subsided that’s
way when there is leakage no one deals with it as fast as they can,
sometime they don’t care about it for many days
that’s why we should announce the real cost and compare it for the real
price, let me tell you that the citizens pay1 cubic meter portable water is 3
SYP while it costs 27 SYP this fact is important and everybody should know it “

 

The electricity has been adopted by the individual investors.
Can we do the same for the water?

Deeab answered “if we are attending to call for governmental
and non-governmental investments we should consider the privacy of each
governorate so we should start with Decentralization first. We
should work on quantity and quality. The privet establishments should stick to
the formalities and should serve the consumers carefully, such privet
establishments should be responsible for reading meters . And other
companies could manage digging the wells, the organization in Damascus serves
more than  5 million people so it is not
possible that it carry out the digging of wells too so the privet section could
work on installing the meters but it is too early to talk about adopting the
(POT) system because the organization can manage everything and it can. “ Mr.
Deeab assured that the wastage of water is not the same in all the cities, the
cities The city consumes more water than the country side  the country side .

There are many sorts of wastage such as the wasting of water
, the wasting of energy , the wasting in administration . When we talk about
the waste of the government we should mention that  a recent study shows that the official employees
works less than 27 mints per day .

The waste of management is too much danger than the rest
kinds of waste . the reasons behind the waste of management as Mr.Hamedi
Al-abdullah described are : Chaos , indifference, and bureaucracy in addition
to the shabby administrative body.

 

A small drip can waste a lot of water. A leak or a running
toilet can cost even more. If things get out of hand, you could double your
water bill! In addition, leaks in hot water lines waste heat, compounding the
loss. If valves or faucets are damaged, fix them or replace them immediately.
If a toilet is running, fix it or have it repaired to avoid costly waste.

 

Tips to save water

Repair leaking faucets, pipes and toilets.

2. Install water saving faucets and shower heads.

3. Wash only full loads of laundry and dishes.

4. Don’t use the toilet for trash disposal.

5. Take short showers instead of baths.

6. Soak dishes before wahing if you don’t have a dishwasher.

7. Water your lawn and garden as little as possible. When you do have to water,
do so in the evening or early morning.

8. Use mulch around plants and shrubs to help retain
moisture.

9. Repair leaky faucets or nozzles.

10. Use water from a bucket to wash your car and save the hose for rinsing.

11. Sweep clippings and leaves instead of using the hose.

12. Obey any and all water bans or regulations.

Which devices are wasting your electricity?

Not all electronic devices waste electricity, but more and
more devices are consuming electricity even when they are “turned
off”.  Consider the following list of devices that you can find in
most homes:

Televisions

Computers

DVD/CD Players

Laptops

Stereos & Home Theaters

iPods & other MP3 Players

Cellular Phones

Printers & Fax Machines

Computer Networking Devices (routers, cable modems, etc.)

Electric Razors

Video Game Consoles

Any Rechargeable Device (cordless screwdrivers, flashlights,
etc.)

In general, any electric device that uses a remote control,
has an on/off indicator that is always enabled or keeps a rechargable device
running even after charged is a likely culprit to be wasting electricity.
Some devices, like your stove or microwave, use a little electricity to
keep clocks running, but are not practical to control or monitor.  Other
devices, like sweepers or can openers, are probably not using any electricity
when not in use, but can be checked with an electricity monitor just to be
sure.

How do these devices waste electricity?

Most devices on the above list will consume electricity,
even when they are turned off or are done charging.  Televisions and
stereos, for example, use a little bit of electricity to allow the remote
control to turn the device back on.  Rechargeable devices, like iPods
and laptops, continue to use small amounts of electricity even after the device
is fully charged.  Some chargers and charging docks will continue to use
electricity even when there is no device attached – cordless tools, for
example, are notorious for using a red/green LED indicator on the charger that
stays lit even when there is nothing being charged.

A typical family may have multiple cellular phones, iPods,
stereos, televisions, computers and DVD players.  Individually these
devices do not have much impact on your utility bills.  But when you
consider that a family of four could easily have 20 or more of these devices
all consuming electricity needlessly, the annual amount of wasted energy grows
significantly.

 

How do these devices waste electricity?

Most devices on the above list will consume electricity,
even when they are turned off or are done charging.  Televisions and stereos,
for example, use a little bit of electricity to allow the remote control to
turn the device back on.  Rechargeable devices, like iPods and
laptops, continue to use small amounts of electricity even after the device is
fully charged.  Some chargers and charging docks will continue to use
electricity even when there is no device attached – cordless tools, for
example, are notorious for using a red/green LED indicator on the charger that
stays lit even when there is nothing being charged.

A typical family may have multiple cellular phones, iPods,
stereos, televisions, computers and DVD players.  Individually these
devices do not have much impact on your utility bills.  But when you
consider that a family of four could easily have 20 or more of these devices
all consuming electricity needlessly, the annual amount of wasted energy grows
significantly.

 

What can I do to waste less?

Studies have shown that simply monitoring your electricity
usage is typically enough to change habits and cut the waste.  There are
many options for monitoring your electricity usage, including “whole
house” and “plug-in” electricity monitors.  These
devices vary in sophistication and features, but most of them will be able to
show you how much electricity is being used by devices when they aren’t in
use.  “Whole house” monitors cannot isolate individual
devices, but can be used to show how changes in habit effect the electricity
being used.  “Plug-In” monitors allow you to isolate a
specific device (like a printer), or a group of devices (like a computer or
home theater).  Some monitors will allow you to assign a 3 SYP amount per
kWh (killowatt-hour), which is used to approximate the amount of money
being wasted based on your local utility rates.

When monitoring alone isn’t enough, some electricity usage
monitors allow you to cut power to a group of devices when the control device
is not in use.  Consider your home theater as an example.  Using a
control-enabled power strip, you could cut power to the stereo, DVD player,
CD player and video game system when the television is turned off.
This would save electricity by not allowing the peripheral devices to turn on
unless the television was turned on.

 

The
commercial waste
10%
The average of  water waste 20%-25%
The average of electricity waste 25%-30%

 

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